Applying ANP for raw material supply in Iranian paper industry

Majid Azizi
College of Agriculture and Natural Resources
University of Tehran
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mohammad Modarres
Department of Industrial Engineering
Sharif University of Technology
Iran, Islamic Republic of

Publication date: Jul, 2008

Journal: OR Insight volume
Vol.: 21- Pages: 3-15

Publisher: Springer

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to develop a strategic plan for selecting the best options for the supply of raw material to feed paper producing plants. The decision-making is examined within the framework of benefits, opportunities, costs, and risks (BOCR). A hierarchy is used to prioritize the BOCR, using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) ratings approach. A control hierarchy is then created and prioritized using the Analytic Network Process (ANP) to evaluate the “control criteria” of the system. There are a total of nineteen control criteria in the system and each controls a decision network evaluated using the ANP. The final synthesis of the system shows external procurement is the best choice.

Keywords: BOCR, ANP, Analytic Network Process , AHP, Paper Industry