Ranking countries more reliably in the summer olympics

Thomas Saaty
Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business
University of Pittsburgh
United States
Mujgan Sagir Ozdemir
Eskisehir Osmangazi University
Industrial Engineering

Publication date: Dec, 2015

Journal: International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process
Vol.: 7- Issue: 3- Pages: 589-610

Abstract: In this paper we consider the many intangible criteria that influence the outcome of the Summer Olympics by using the Analytic Network Process, and apply the ideas to evaluate the medals won and the country scores in the 2012 London Olympics. Both the categories of games and the events in each game are considered in this weighting process. Different events of the same category game could have different properties. This work shows that the current way of counting the total number of medals is not a bad way of ranking countries. With minor modifications, this systematic approach for ranking countries can be used for any Summer Olympics.

Keywords: OR in sports, Country ranking, Olympic Games, Analytic Network Process, Ratings, ANP